Glossary of the People's Republic of China 1949-1954



AC 自治 县 Autonomous County

ACFDW 全中国民主妇女联合会 All-China Federation of Democratic Women

ACFIC 全国工商联 All China Federation of Industry and Commerce (Quanguo gongshang lian)

ACYC 全中国青年发布会 All China Youth Conference

ACYF 全国青联 All China Youth Federation (Quan Guo Qing Lian)

ACFDY 中华全国青年联合会 All China Federation of Democratic Youth later renamed ACYF

ACFTU 总工会 All-China Federation of Trade Unions (Zong Gong Hui)

ACFSS All China Federation of Scientific Societies

ACSF 全国学联 All-China Students Federation (Quan Guo Xue Lian)

AP 自治 区 Autonomous Prefecture

APC 关于发展农业生产合作社的决议 Agricultural Producers' Cooperatives

APD 中国民主促进会 Association for the Promotion of Democracy (Zhongguo minzhu zujin hui)

AWA 中华全国美术工作者协会 All China Art Workers Association

CAA 中国美术家协会 Chinese Artists Association

CAFA 中央美术学院 Central Academy of Fine Arts

CAM 民政部 Civil Administration Ministry

CAPD 民进 China Association for the Promotion of Democracy (Min Jin)

CAS 中国科学院 Chinese Academy of Science

CASS 中国社会科学院 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Zhongguo shehui kexue xueyuan)

CBA 佛协 Chinese Buddhist Association (Fo Xie)

CC 中央委员会 Central Committee of CCP

CCP 中国共产党 Chinese Communist Party established in 1921

CCPA Chinese Catholics' Patriotic Association

CCPIT 贸促会 China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (Mao Cu Hui)

CDL 民盟 China Democratic League (Min Meng)

CDNCA 民建 China Democratic National Construction Association (Min Jian)

CETU 中国教学工会 China Educational Trade Union

CIA 中国伊斯兰教协会 Chinese Islamic Association

CMC 中央军事委员会 Guojia Zhongyang Junshi Weiyuanhui Central Military Committee of the CCP (same as MAC)

CMAG 中国军事顾问团越南 Chinese Military Advisory Group working in Vietnam

Commandism 命令主义 The tendency of bureaucratic officials to implement policy by force rather than persuasion.

CPG 直管局 Central People’s Government (Zhi Guan Ju)

CPGC 中華人民共和國中央人民政府 Central People’s Government Council: to serve as the supreme policymaking organ of the state

CPPCC 人民政协 Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (Ren Min Zheng Xie)

CPSU Communist Party of the Soviet Union

CPV 中国人民志愿军 Chinese People's Volunteers

CPWDP 农工党 Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party (Nong Gong Dang)

CSB 中南局 Central South Bureau

CWU 作协 Chinese Writers Union (Zuo Xie)

CYL 共青团 中国共产主义青年团 Chinese Youth league (Gong Qing Tuan)

Deng 鄧小平 Deng Xiaoping

DPG 民主党派 Democratic party or group (minzhu dang pai)

DPRK Democratic People's Republic of Korea

DRM Democratic Reform Movement

EB 东局 East Bureau

Fanmaojin 反冒进 "opposing rash advance" in economy

FEC Financial and Economic Committee

FLAC 文联 All China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (Wen Lian)

GAC 政务院 Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government from 1949 to 1954. Executive body

GDR German Democratic Republic

GMD : 中国国民党 GuoMinDang: Nationalist Party

ICBM Inter Continental Ballistic Missile

Jiu San 九三学社 September 3 Society

Kim Kim IL Sung

Liao Jiao 劳教 Education through labour. Imprisonment for political errors

Liu 刘少奇 Liu Shaoqi

Mao 毛泽东 Mao Zedong

MAC 中央外事办 Military Affairs Commission of the CCP (Zhong Yang Wai Shi Ban)

MND 中国国防部 Ministry of National Defence ( GuoFangBu)

MOA 农业部 Ministry of Agriculture (NongYeBu)

MOC 文化部 Ministry of Culture (WenHuaBu)

MOE 教育部 Ministry of Education (JiaoYuBu)

MOF 财政部 Ministry of Finance (CaiZhengBu)

MOFA 外交部 Ministry of Foreign Affairs (WaiJiaoBu)

MOJ 司法部 Ministry of Justice

MOT Ministry of Trade

MPG Minor Parties and Groups

MPH 卫生部 Ministry of Public Health (Wei ShengBu)

MPS 公安部 Ministry of Public Security (Gong'anbu)

NCA Chinese Democratic National Construction Association (Zhongguo minzhu jianguo hui)

NCGP North China People's Government

NCNA 新华通讯社 New China News Agency (Xinhua she)

NDC National Defence Council before 1954 PRMC

NDYL National Democratic Youth League renamed in 1957 to CYL

NEB North East Bureau

NLA Newly Liberated Areas

NPC 全国人大 全国人民代表大会 Zhongguo renmin daibiao da hui National People’s Congress

NSA National Salvation Association (Quanguo jiuguo hui)

NSF National Student Fedearation

NYC National Youth Congress

NWB North West Bureau

PAVN People's Army of Vietnam

PB 中国共产党中央政治局Politbur

PC People's Committee

PLA 解放军 中国人民解放军 People’s Liberation Arm

PLAAF PLA Aviation Force

PLAN PLA Navy

PRC People’s Republic of China

PRMC People's Revolutionary Military Commission after 1954 NDC

Rev. GMD 民革 中国国民党革命委员会 Revolutionairy GuoMingDang (Min Ge)

RMRB 人民日报 Renmin Ribao People’s Daily

San Fan 三反 3 evils

SC 国务院 Guoyuyuan State Council: is the executive body of the highest organ of state power (see GAC) Zheng Wu Yuan

SCNA State Commission on Nationalities affairs

Secretariat 台办 Tai Ban 中国共产党中央委员会书记处

SPC 最高人民法院 Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Supreme People's Court

SSC Supreme State Conference

SSFA Sino-Soviet Friendship Association

SSPC State Scientific Planning Committee formed in 1956

SSTC State Scientific and Technological Commission; SSPC and STC merge

ST C 常务委员会 Standing Committee

STC State Technological Commission

Su Fan 肃反. Purging counterrevolutionaries

SWB South West Bureau

TAR Tibetan Autonomous Region

TGSL 台湾民主自治同盟 Taiwan Self Government League (Taiwan minzhu zizhi tongmeng)

UFWD 外宣办 中央政法委员会 United Front Work Department of the CCP CC (Wai Xuan Ban)

UN United Nations

Wu Fan 五反 Campaign against 5 evils

Xia Fang the "sending down" of officials to positions at lower levels of administration

ZGD 致公 China Zhi Gong Dang (Zhi Gong)

Zhen Fan 镇反 Suppression of Counter-Revolution 1950

Zhou 周恩来 Zhou Enlai