The Common Program of the People's Republic of China 1949-1954

In Chapter 1, Article 11, two basic elements of the foreign affairs policy of the People's Republic of China are described: anti-imperialism and “to lean to one side” (the Soviet Union). Chapter 7 shows more in detail the foreign policy of the People's Republic of China. Other key elements which can be found in this chapter of the Common Program are: ‘independent’, ‘freedom’, ‘territorial integrity’, ‘peace’, ‘cooperation’, ‘equality’, ‘respect’, ‘negotiate’, ‘imperial’, and ‘sovereignty’.
Robichaud (2017) has analyzed the selected works of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai before and after 1949 on the frequency of certain words regarding foreign policy.
Source: Robichaud (2017). International relations theory and the ministry of foreign affairs of the People’s Republic of China, 1949-2002. Pages 11- 114 Mao Zedong selected works before and after 1949.
Robichaud (2017) concludes: "The pre- and post-October 1, 1949 data confirm the desire of Mao to consolidate power for the state, the need for stability, to turn inward before going out to the world, and an overall negative view or suspicion of things foreign."

Article 57 

Commercial relations

Article 60 



Robichaud (2017). Page 115 [↩] [Cite]

Chapter 7 of Common Program