Article 60 of the Common Program
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Article 60 of the Common Program

The People's Republic of China shall accord the right of asylum to foreign nationals who seek refuge in China because they have been oppressed by their own governments for supporting the people's interests and taking part in the struggle for peace and democracy.

Not only the Common Program article 60 supports the protection of refugees. China signed the 1951 Convention of the United Nations, which is the basis of international refugee protection. See Convention. During the period of 1949-1954, there is no evidence of requests for asylum.
A special group are POW turncoats, they were POWs from the Korea War, and twenty-one American GIs and a British marine had chosen to live in Mao’s China rather than to be repatriated to the United States or Britain.
See Hooper Beverly (2016). Foreigners under Mao Western Lives in China, 1949–1976. pages 51-55

Notes Documents...


See Hooper Beverly (2016). Foreigners under Mao Western Lives in China, 1949–1976. pages 51-55 and Zweiback Adam J. (1997). The 21 “Turncoat GIs”: Nonrepatriations and the political Culture of the Korean War. Pages 345-362
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