Chapter 5 of the Common Program



Art, education, science and press are considered in the People’s Republic of China as important propaganda tools. The structure of the Bureaus and Subdivisions of the Propaganda Department (Nov. 1951-late 1954) shows this clearly:
Office 办公室
Theory Propaganda Bureau 理论宣传处
Political Education Bureau 政治教育处
Current Affairs Propaganda Bureau 时事宣传处
Mass Propaganda Bureau 群众宣传处
International Propaganda Bureau 国际宣传处
Literature and Art Bureau 文学艺术处
Film Bureau 电影处
Schools and Education Bureau 学校教育处
Science and Public Hygiene Bureau 科学卫生处
Publishing Bureau 出版处
Newspaper and Broadcasting Bureau 报纸广播处
Cadres Bureau 干部处
Bureau of Administration 行政处
Party History Materials Office 党史资料室
Complete Works of Stalin Translation Bureau 斯大林全集翻译室
Selected Works of Mao Zedong English Translation Office 毛泽东选集英译室
Training Class for Propaganda Cadres 宣传干部训练班
Volland Nicolai (2003).The control of the media in the People’s Republic of China. Universität Heidelberg Page 63
Volland (2003) poses the question: So what is it that unites newspapers, literature, political theory, education, and hygiene? In short, they all aim at improving of the psychological and physical health of man (shen-xin jiankang 身心健康).
In his longer explanation, Volland concludes "...it is the aim of the Party to form a socialist man who is free from pathologies of both physical and mental kind (both of which are caused by oppression forces in the “old” society), 159 a man healthy both in his thinking and his body who participates in and is devoted entirely to the cause led by the Communist Party. 160 To fundamentally transform man, he must be provided with an environment that allows his body to develop its full potential, and that feeds his mind with only the healthiest nourishment. The Chinese media are thus embedded in a project with much larger objectives that can be identified properly only if full account is taken of their environment; this is what the perspective of the propaganda xitong does – the space where the Party’s concerns for the people’s mind and for their body meet.
Volland (2003).The control. Page 66

Article 41  

Raising the cultural level

Article 42  

Good citizenship

Article 43  

Natural sciences

Article 44  

Social sciences

Article 45 

Art and literature

Article 46  

Unification of theory and practice

Article 47 

Universal education

Article 48  

Sport and public health

Article 49  

Limitations of freedom of press


Literature Notes Documents...

1. Volland Nicolai (2003).The control of the media in the People’s Republic of China . Universität Heidelberg Page 63 Back
2.Volland (2003).The control Page 66 Back
Continue to Article 41