Article 9 of the Common Program
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Article 9 of the Common Program

All nationalities in the People's Republic of China shall have equal rights and duties.



In 1944 in Yan'an, the CCP started with the United Front Work Department. One of the tasks of this party organ was implementing minority policy. This department develops strategies for minority work.
Li Weihan
Li Weihan (1896-1984)
became its director and he played an important role in realising the aims of the CCP in the field of nationalities.
On October 19, 1949, the State Ethnicl Affairs Commission was established. Its role is to supervise and inspect all operations of the minority policy. The commission reports directly to the Government Administration Council (GAC). Li Weihan is also the chairman of this commission. (Li was assisted by three deputy chairmen, all from different ethnic groups-
Ulanhu
Ulanhu (1906-1988) also known as Ulanfu (1896-1984) Chairman of China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (1947-1966), highest-ranking minority official
(Mongolian),
Liu Geping
Liu Geping (1904-1992)
(Hui), and
Saifuding
Saifuding Azizi(1915-2003) also known as Seypidin Azizi, Saif al-Dīn ʿAzīz, Saifuding Aizezi, and Saifuding
(Uygur)
Palmer Kaup (2000) describes the responsibilities of this state organ: To supervise the implementation of national regional autonomy; To publicize policies concerning minority nationalities and check up on their implementation; To make concerted efforts in conjunction with the relevant departments within the GAC to promote socialist economic and cultural construction; To take charge of work related to minority languages in general; To take charge of minority nationalities' institutes and the work of training minority cadres and scientific and technological personnel; To organize and facilitate minority people's visits; To conduct constant study and investigation of minority nationalities and their areas, and to sum up experience in ethnic work; and to carry out tasks assigned by the GAC concerning nationalities affairs.
Palmer Kaup Katherine (2000). Creating the Zhuang: Ethnic Politics in China. Boulder, CO. Pages 80-81

Details of policy towards the minorities are elaborated in Chapter 6 of the Common Program.

Literature Notes Documents...

1. Palmer Kaup Katherine (2000). Creating the Zhuang: Ethnic Politics in China. Boulder, CO. Pages 80-81 Back
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