Preamble and Chapter 1 of the Common Program
Text
Preamble of the Common Program
The great victories of the Chinese people's war of liberation and of the people's revolution have put an end to the era of the rule of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism in China.
From the status of the oppressed, the Chinese people has attained that of the master in a new society and a new state, and has replaced the Kuomintang's reactionary rule of feudal, comprador, fascist dictatorship with the Republic of the People's Democratic Dictatorship.
The Chinese People's Democratic Dictatorship is the state power of the people's democratic united front composed of the Chinese working class, peasantry, petty bourgeoisie, national bourgeoisie and other patriotic democratic elements, based on the alliance of workers and peasants and led by the working class. The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, composed of the representatives of the Communist Party of China, of all democratic parties and groups and people's organizations, of all regions, of the People's Liberation Army, of all national minorities. overseas Chinese and other patriotic democratic elements, is the organisational form of the Chinese people's democratic united front.
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, representing the will of the people of the whole country, proclaims the establishment of the People's Republic of China and is organizing the people's own central government.
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference unanimously agrees that New Democracy, or the People's Democracy, shall be the political foundation for the national construction of the People's Republic of China.
It has also adopted the following Common Program which should be jointly observed by all units participating in the Conference, by the people's government of all levels, and by the people of the whole country.

The acceptance of the Common Program is the important task of the CPPCC. This document consists of a preamble and 7 chapters; 1. General principles 2. Organs of state 3. Military system 4.Economic policy 5. Cultural and Education program 6.Policy towards nationalities (minorities) 7. Foreign policy. See Chart below.
The document can be considered as an action plan for the near future and “…was supposed to present the new rulers of China as moderately transformative and politically inclusive.”
Sibayan Jerome Tan (2013). A network analysis of China’s central committee: A dynamical theory of policy networks PhD., Kansas State University Page 83
and the program defines in its preamble clearly who can play a role in this future. "... the state power of the people's democratic united front composed of the Chinese working class, peasantry, petty bourgeoisie, national bourgeoisie and other patriotic democratic elements, based on the alliance of workers and peasants and led by the working class."
In other words a part of the people is explicitly excluded, they are “the running-dogs of imperialism, the landlord class and bureaucrat-bourgeoisie, as well as the representatives of these classes, the GuoMinDang reactionaries and their accomplices."
Document: 30-06-1949 Mao Zedong "On the people’s democratic dictatorship"

This first chapter of the Common Program explains the general principles:
Article 1

The concept of leadership and the aims of the program.

Article 2

Unification of China

Article 3

Transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation

Article 4

Elections

Article 5

Freedoms of the people

Article 6

Position of women

Article 7

Suppression of counter-revolutionary activities

Article 8

Duties

Article 9

Rights and duties nationalities

Article 10

Duties and tasks of the PLA

Article 11

Principles of the foreign policy


Literature Notes Documents...

1. Sibayan Jerome Tan (2013). A network analysis of China’s central committee: A dynamical theory of policy networks PhD., Kansas State University Page 83 Back

Chart Common Program


     

   

    ; ;

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

Continue to article 1