Chapter 2 of the Common Program


This chapter deals with the organs of state power.

Article 12 states that the state power belongs to the people and that they are represented by people’s congresses and people’s government’s at all administrative levels.
Article 13 limits the power of the CPPCC till the election of the national people’s congress. After these election the CPPCC will become an advisory body.

  • 1949 Commemorative stamps CPPCC


Article 14 regulates the role of the PLA in the newly liberated areas of China and it stipulates the conditions for the elections.
Article 15 states that the organs of state power will practice democratic centralism.
Article 16 points out the balance between national unity and local expediency.
Article 17 states that all GMD laws will be abolished.
Article 18 describes the working style of the cadres.
Article 19 states that people’s supervisory organs will be set up to control regional and national administrations.

Continue to Article 12